Russian Foundation of Basic Research (RFBR) has supported our new project "Scientific and engineering foundations of functioning of medical service robots in clinics". This fundamental research Project is directed on the solution of the fundamental scientific problem - research and creation of a scientific and engineering bases of the theory of functioning of the mobile service medical robots (SMR) in actual medical institution. The main place in the project will be given to questions of development of base engineering principles of the formal subject technical specification, construction and functioning of hardware, program and methodical means of multipurpose mobile SMR. It is supposed to find an answer on key questions connected with research and formalization of the most perspective purpose functions of a behavior of the mobile SMR in conditions of a hospital, investigation of methods of the formal description and representation of the habitat of the robot in clinics, development of a methodology of the formulation of specialized medical and technical requirements to mobile SMR.